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Spondon Wind Turbines to become operational following successful mitigation

Spondon Wind Turbines to become operational following successful mitigation
August 18, 2017 Danny Scrivener

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Overview

Three years in the making, the wind development at Spondon, Derby, has been given the green light to begin full operation. The project has involved the collaboration of East Midlands Airport, Severn Trent and Aveillant to successfully mitigate the impact of the wind development upon the Primary surveillance radar (PSR) at East Midlands Airport. The mitigation is one of few installed local radar fixes to counter wind turbine radar interference.

Wind development details

The wind development consists of two wind turbines measuring 130m to tip and is located at the Severn Trent operated sewage treatment plant in Spondon, Derby. The location of the wind development can be seen in Figure 1[1] below.

wind development mitigation

Figure 1: Location of Spondon Wind Turbines operated by Severn Trent.

The wind turbines are also located 10km north west of East Midlands Airport. The relative location of the two can be seen in Figure 2[2] below.

wind farm mitigation

Figure 2: Relative location of Spondon wind turbines and East Midlands Airport

The challenge

The wind turbines will be in line of sight to and have a technical impact upon the PSR at East Midlands Airport. This impact could result in clutter appearing on the radar operator’s screen which may be then mistaken as an unidentified aircraft. This, in turn, can create an increased work load for air traffic controllers which can result in the re-organisation of air traffic in the surrounding area.  The wind turbines were installed in 2013 however operation was not permitted until the impact upon the PSR at the East Midlands Airport had been fixed. The airport already has two operational wind turbines present immediately adjacent. The wind turbines can be seen in the video below.


Figure 3: Two operational wind turbines immediately adjacent to East Midlands Airport.

The solution

The solution was to install Aveillant’s Holographic Radar which is a local in-fill radar located close to the wind turbines. The radar is able to identify and ignore returns from the wind turbines. This ‘unaffected’ feed is then patched through to the radar system at the airport, presenting air traffic controllers with appropriate radar coverage at the wind development’s location.

According to a press release from Seven Trent[3]Following extensive testing and field trials Aveillant’s new holographic radar technology received approval from the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in 2016. Severn Trent and East Midlands Airport then worked together to develop detailed arrangements and procedures allowing operation of this unique technology.’

Following further tests in the coming weeks, which will see the turbines be switched on and off, the wind turbines will become fully operational and begin to generate enough electricity to power around 3,000 homes per year. Figure 4[4] below shows a photograph of one of the two wind turbines at Spondon.

wind development mitigation

Figure 4: Spondon wind turbine photograph.

Conclusions

There are few examples of successful local in-fill radar mitigation solutions for wind turbines and this is truly a success for the technology. Over the past few years the future of the wind development was in question, however the wind turbines can soon begin full operation and begin supplying renewable energy into the local electrical grid.

References

[1]  © 2017 Google.
[2]  © 2017 Google.
[3]  Spondon wind turbines start generating power full-time, 20 June 2017. Last accessed 08/08/17.
[4] Supplied to Pager Power by Severn Trent, 8 August 2017.

 

 

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