Statistically aircraft that land outside airports do so close to the airport on take-off or landing. Public Safety Zones (PSZs) are established outside the boundary of major UK airports to protect the public from aircraft collision risk.
Responsibility for PSZs lies with local planning authorities, airports and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). In some cases it is not exactly clear as to who is responsible for what – in particular when there are large gatherings of people with no associated planning application.
Figure 1 Aircraft approaching Belfast City Airport
This article sets out, based on the available guidance, who is responsible for what. We consider responsibilities for:
- Defining and publishing PSZ boundaries
- Controlling development in PSZs
- Controlling large gatherings of people in PSZs
- Controlling aircraft activity in PSZs
This article applies specifically to Public Safety Zones established at civil aerodromes in the United Kingdom. Public Safety Zones are also established around airports in Ireland and Australia.
Defining PSZ Boundaries
The Civil Aviation Authority provides maps showing PSZ boundaries for specific UK airports. Responsibility for defining and publishing PSZ boundaries clearly lies with the CAA according to the circular.
Controlling development in PSZs
Responsibility for this clearly lies with the local planning authority – however the Airport is often consulted in practice because PSZ developments often have the potential to present a collision risk to aircraft or a security risk to the airport. Large airports tend to be consulted regarding neighbouring developments anyway.
Responsibility for controlling development so as to minimize exposure of the public to aircraft collision risk firmly lies with the Local Planning Authority (LPA).
Controlling Large Gatherings
PSZs are established to control development that could increase exposure of the public to aircraft collision risk. They are not established to directly control the establishment of large gatherings. There is also an aim of reducing public exposure over time.
There is no specific duty to control large gatherings directly – however any responsibilities that do exist clearly lie with the Local Planning Authority (LPA). Again Airports may have an interest because of the potential impact of such gatherings on traffic or security.
Controlling Aircraft Activity
The Airspace surrounding an Airport is its responsibility. Aircraft flying within PSZs need Airport permission to do so.
How Can Pager Power Help?
Pager Power can help developers of buildings, infrastructure and renewable energy plants ensure they are compliant with PSZ rules and guidelines. If you are planning a project near a PSZ please get in touch.
Image accreditation: https://www.geograph.ie/photo/4169455
Useful link: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/control-of-development-in-airport-public-safety-zones