Baltic State Series, Part 5: Wind Power Capacity - Pager Power
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Baltic State Series, Part 5: Wind Power Capacity

Baltic State Series, Part 5: Wind Power Capacity
February 26, 2024 James Plumb

In this fifth article of our series, we will look at the current position of the wind power industry in the Baltics, as well as the potential for growth in this area.

The Baltic States of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia are all countries which show great potential to develop a thriving wind power industry through use of both onshore and offshore wind farms. Currently all of these countries are in a relatively early stage of their shift towards utilising wind power to meet a significant proportion of their energy demands, but this article will consider how far they may come in the future.

Baltics wind power

Figure 1: Wind farm near Alsunga, Latvia [1]

The Current Position of Wind Power in the Baltic States

According to 2022 statistics from Ember’s yearly electricity capacity data [2], the Baltic States have a combined capacity of just 1.26 GW [3]. By comparison, countries with highly developed wind industries such as Germany and the UK have much greater installed capacities of 66.29 GW and 28.76 GW respectively. 

On the other hand, Lithuania produced 38% of its electricity from wind power in 2022 [4], which was the second greatest proportion of wind generation, behind only Denmark. This shows that there is real potential for growth in this area, and for the Baltic States to become far less reliant on imported fossil fuels for electricity generation.

The Future Potential for Wind Power in the Baltics

It has been estimated that the wind energy potential for the Baltic States is much greater than the energy demands shown by these countries, presenting the opportunity for Baltic countries to become electricity exporters to other European countries. It is estimated that the potential for Lativia’s offshore wind capacity alone is around 15 GW [5], which is over 100 times Latvia’s current installed capacity.

There are however many obstacles to realising this potential, from regulatory challenges to infrastructure requirements that the Baltic States do not yet meet. This will be the focus of our next article in this series, as we look to explore how Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia can develop into wind superpowers over the next decades.

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[1] Maris Teteris (April 2012) from WikiCommons. Accessed on: 23rd Feb 2024.

[2] Ember’s latest yearly electricity generation, capacity, emissions and demand data from over 200 geographies. Accessed on 2nd Jan 2024 at

[3] Latvia (0.14 GW), Estonia (0.31 GW), Lithuania (0.81 GW)

[4] Ibid

[5] “LWEA: Unlocking the potential of Latvian offshore wind”, Baltic Wind (April 2023). Accessed on 23rd Feb 2024 at:


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