Are east-west better than south for solar panels on UK buildings?
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Which way is the right way? Domestic solar panel orientation in the UK

Which way is the right way? Domestic solar panel orientation in the UK
August 15, 2014 Danny Scrivener

Solar panel east-west orientationAre 500,000 solar developments on UK buildings facing the wrong way?

That is the opinion of Professor Ralph Gottshalg of Loughborough University, who has suggested that many people in the UK have misspent money installing their domestic installations by orientating their solar panels the wrong way.

What’s the reason behind this?

Solar panels produce electricity which cannot be stored, with electrical output completely dependent on the sun. Most installations in the UK are orientated southward with maximum output occurring around midday when the sun is highest in the sky.

Of course, many people are at work during this time of the day, and therefore domestic energy consumption will seemingly be at its lowest at this point during daylight hours. Wouldn’t it be best to orientate our solar panels so that there is a higher output in the early morning and late afternoon/early evening when the grid experience peak demand? That is the belief of Professor Ralph Gottshalg who has stated that the panels would function more efficiently if the panels were orientated east-west.

Why might is east-west facing panels be better than those facing south?

Professor Gottshalg believes that orientating your solar panels east-west will help to prevent unnecessary power spikes during the middle of the day when domestic power consumption is at its lowest. It will also maximise energy output when it is needed domestic usage is at its highest- in the morning and evening. The Professor also believes that this orientation will help to reduce stress on the electrical grid at these times.

Has this been implemented in other countries?

Yes, Germany has now adopted this approach to orientate their solar developments east-west.

Our view

Don’t get your stepladder out just yet. More research will need to be undertaken to determine the effects of an east-west orientation over southerly. The orientation you choose may also be determined by your lifestyle.  It is definitely, however, something that will need to be thought about going forward.


  1. Alastair 10 years ago

    In actual fact they should be west facing to match the evening peak in electricity demand. If they were east facing then that would be even worse for the electricity network as they would generate lots of electricity early in the morning in the height of summer when UK demand is at its lowest….

    But then the FIT rewards for total yearly generation, not local power matching, so in reality the south facing arrays are still correct from the users financial point of view.

  2. Author
    Danny Scrivener, Pager Power 10 years ago

    Thank you for reading the article and sharing your views Alastair. I imagine south facing panels will be the norm for many years solely for financial reasons. In a perfect world, however, a combination of panel orientations would best accommodate variable energy demands throughout the day.

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