Publications

 


A White Paper on the Creation and Use of Accurate Terrain Based Assessments

 

Creating and Using Terrain Based Assessment White Paper ThumbnailWhite Paper 01

Creating and Using Accurate Terrain Based Assessments

Terrain based assessments are important for expanding infrastructure. This white paper identifies the factors that affect the overall accuracy of terrain based assessment results, and shows how they can be applied to reliably predict whether a radar can detect a specified wind turbine. 

Watson, M (2012): Creating and Using Accurate Terrain Based Assessments.
 

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Poster Presentation for European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) 2015
 

New Radar Risk Methodology New Radar Risk Methodology
 

It is important that wind turbine developers identify and understand what radar may be affected by their project, and why a stakeholder objection/no objection has been received. Radar objections that are not addressed will prevent a wind project being built. This poster presents information about Pager Power’s automated Risk Analysis, which can deliver rapid and accurate results for a proposed wind development from all radar types.
 

Scrivener, D., Frolic, K. and Watson, M., (2015): New Radar Risk Methodology. Poster. European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), Paris, 2015.

 

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Poster Presentation for European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) 2015
 

A Pragmatic Approach to Designing Wind Farm Lighting Schemes A Pragmatic Approach to Designing Wind Farm Lighting Schemes
 

It is common for wind farms to require obstruction lighting to minimise the collision risk for aircraft. Safety concerns from aviation stakeholders must be accounted for and balanced with light pollution issues and project cost. A pragmatic three phase approach to designing a wind farm lighting scheme based on available published guidance and practical experience is presented here.
 

Frolic, K., Watson, M. and Scrivener, D. (2015): A Pragmatic approach to designing wind farm lighting schemes. Poster. European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), Paris, 2015.
 

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Editorial Published in Wind Energy Network Magazine December 2014
 
Poster Presentation and article for European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) Offshore 2015
 

Reducing investor risk and increasing productivity with new accurate offshore wind farm radar tool EWEA Offshore 2015Reducing Investor Risk & Increasing Productivity with New Accurate Offshore Wind Farm Radar Tool
 

Wind turbines can affect aeronautical, marine, meteorological and military radar. This means that offshore projects are delayed; have unplanned mitigation costs and are sometimes stopped entirely. Assessment of impact can occur in a number of ways but the most common are Radar Line of Sight and Radar Detectability calculations. Accuracy and reliability depends on DTM/DSM; accounting for waves; accounting for tidal variations; the effect of beaches; accounting for buildings, structures and vegetation; abnormal meteorological conditions and computing algorithms used to generate the profile from the available data.
 

Watson, M. (2015): Reducing investor risk & increasing productivity with new accurate offshore wind farm radar tool. Poster. European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) Offshore, Copenhagen, 2015.
 

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Editorial Published in Wind Energy Network Magazine December 2014
 

Understanding the Issues of Wind Turbine Clutter Understanding the Issues of Wind Turbine Clutter
 

This article, written for Wind Energy Network Magazine in 2014, presents an overview of the problem that has held up many wind developments along with a summary of possible mitigation solutions. 
 

Scrivener, D (2014): Understanding the Issues of Wind Turbine Clutter. Wind Energy Network Magazine, December 2014.
 

Download the PDF: Understanding the Issues of Wind Turbine Clutter


Document Presenting Information from Published Guidance Relating to Wind Turbine Aviation Lighting August 2014 

Wind Turbine Aviation Lighting Requirements - Guidance ReviewWind Turbine Aviation Lighting Requirements
 

This document presents information to help answer questions regarding wind turbine aviation lighting, including 'what requirements are there to repair failed lights?' and 'what requirements are there to report lights that fail?' Relevant documentation has been evaluated in order to review and summarise a selection of published guidance on these matters.

Watson, M. (2014): Wind Turbine Aviation Lighting Requirements, 2014.
 

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 Editorial Published in Wind Energy Network Magazine December 2013
 

Impact of Wind Turbines  on Radar Impact of Wind Turbines on Radar
 

Turbines have the potential to affect radar and navigation systems because they interact with electromagnetic signals. This editorial, written for Wind Energy Network Magazine in 2013, explains about the importance of radar along with the technical differences between types.
 

Frolic, K (2013): Impact of Wind Turbines on Radar. Wind Energy Network Magazine, December 2013.
 

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Editorial Published in Wind Energy Network Magazine June 2013
 

Lifting the Barrier to Wind Farm Radar Objections Lifting the Barrier to Wind Farm Radar Objections
 

This editorial, written for Wind Energy Network Magazine in 2013, explains about how computerised assessments can accurately show whether a radar is likely to be affected by a wind turbine.
 

Scrivener, D (2013): Lifting the Barrier to Wind Farm Radar Objections. Wind Energy Network Magazine, June 2013.
 

Download the PDF: Lifting Barriers to Wind Farm Radar Objections


A Methodology for Wind Farm and Television Reception Interference for European Wind Energy Conference (EWEC) 2010
 

A GIS based Decision Support Methodology for assessing wind turbine effects on electromagnetic signals. The case of television

A GIS-Based Decision Support Methodology for Assessing Wind Turbine Effects on Television Transmission: Establishing Mitigation Requirements and Costs

Wind developments can cause disruption to both analogue and digital television signals. This article, which was submitted by Pager Power to the European Wind Energy Conference (EWEC) 2010, describes the issues and Pager Power’s approach to quantifying them by means of modelling and measurement.
A case study is presented, demonstrating the integration of urban data within the computer modelling.

Watson, M., Georgopoulos, J., Frolic, K. (2010): A GIS-based Decision Support Methodology for assessing wind turbine effects on television transmission: Establishing mitigation requirements and costs. European Wind Energy Conference, Warsaw, 2010.
 

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Poster Presentation and article for European Wind Energy Conference (EWEC) 2010
 

Operational Impact Modelling of Wind Farms on Radar Poster EWEC 2010Operational Impact Modelling of Wind Farms on Radar
 

Operational impacts of proposed wind farms are normally determined by experts once the technical impacts are understood. Techniques, such as the Analytical Hierarchical Process may be used as a substitute for this human judgment. Such modelling – if successful – could enable wind farm developers to cut costs, development time and project risk.
 

Watson, M., Georgopoulos, J., Frolic, K. (2010): Operational Impact Modelling of Wind Farms on Radar. Poster. European Wind Energy Conference (EWEC), Warsaw, 2010.
 

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Article Published in Energy Engineering Magazine September 2009
 

Strategic thinking: a computer-based site finding approach for wind farm developers Avoiding the Radar: A Computer-Based Approach for Wind Farm Strategic Site Finding
 

This article, written for Energy Engineering Magazine in 2009, explains how wind farm developers will benefit from computer-based approach to strategic site finding. Also, it outlines the strategies and parameters that may be considered.
 

Georgopoulos, J and Frolic, K (2009): Avoiding the Radar: A Computer-Based Approach for Wind Farm Strategic Site Finding. Energy Engineering Magazine, September 2009.
 

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Article Published in Energy Engineering Magazine April 2009
 

The Impact of Wind Turbines on Television Reception The Impact of Wind Turbines on Television Reception
 

Wind Turbines can affect both digital and analogue television signals. This article, written for Energy Engineering Magazine in 2009, describes how the interference differs and how Pager Power model this. Also, it outlines how to find out the likelihood of wind turbine television interference.
 

Georgopoulos, J (2009): The Impact of Wind Turbines on Television Reception. Energy Engineering Magazine, April 2009.
 

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Poster Presentation and article for European Wind Energy Conference (EWEC) 2009

Assessing Radar Mitigation Solutions for Wind Farm Developers Poster EWEC 2009Assessing Radar Mitigation Solutions for Wind Farm Developers
 

In order to avoid the undesirable effects which wind turbines can have on radar systems, there are a variety of technical mitigation options available some of which have been proven and are used and others which are still on a theoretical level. This poster is a review, comparison and evaluation of the current available mitigation options.
 

Watson, M. and Georgopoulos, J. (2009): Assessing Radar Mitigation Solutions for Wind Farm Developers. Poster. European Wind Energy Conference (EWEC), Marseille, 2009.
 

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 Article Published in Energy Engineering Magazine September 2008
 

Above the Radar: Radar Mitigation Options for Wind Farm Developers Above the Radar: Radar Mitigation Options for Wind Farm Developers
 

There are a variety of mitigation options available to avoid the undesirable effects wind turbines can have on radar systems. This article, written for Energy Engineering Magazine in 2008, talks about three mitigation options that Pager Power has previously employed.
 

Georgopoulos, J (2008): Above the Radar: Radar Mitigation Options for Wind Farm Developers. Energy Engineering Magazine, September 2008.
 

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