Case Study 27:Claim for Compensation, Clochnahill Wind Farm, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
The owner of the Clochnahill Wind Farm made a compensation claim against the National Grid as gas pipelines across the site were limiting the area on which wind turbines could be erected. The claim was heard at the Lands Tribunal for Scotland with Pager Power providing both written and verbal evidence. The Land Tribunal made an award amounting to around 10% of the amount claimed by the land owner.
Case Study 26: Hadlow Solar Photovoltaic Development, Kent, England
A developer proposing a solar photovoltaic development adjacent to a railway line engaged Pager Power to undertake a glint and glare assessment to overcome concerns raised by Network Rail. The analysis confirmed that there was no significant impact upon Network Rail infrastructure and safety expected due to the presence of the proposed solar farm. As a result Network Rail had no objection to the development, planning permission was granted and the solar farm became operational in 2015.
Case Study 25: Holy Isle Wind Development, Scotland
Pager Power was engaged to assess the impact of the Holy Isle Wind Development, a six-turbine scheme located on Holy Isle in Scotland. There were a number of prominent challenges associated with this project including finding locations where a turbine would not be visible or detectable to the PSR at GPA. The planning application for the Holy Isle Wind Development was then submitted in July 2016 and subsequently gained planning permission.
Case Study 24: Tower Hayes Solar Photovoltaic Development, England
A developer proposing a solar development adjacent to and east of a railway line required a glint and glare assessment to overcome initial concerns raised by Network Rail on the grounds of glint and glare. Pager Power was engaged to investigate the effects on Network Rail infrastructure by undertaking geometric solar reflection calculations. The analysis demonstrated that no significant impact upon Network Rail infrastructure and safety was expected due to the presence of the proposed solar park. Planning permission for the solar park was granted in July 2015 and it became operational in mid-2016.
Case Study 23: Hale Farm and Woodtown Farm, Bournemouth, England
The proposed solar farms located close to and in line with the runway at Bournemouth Airport came up against a significant objection on the grounds of glint and glare. Pager Power was engaged to investigate the effects of glint and glare by undertaking geometric solar reflection calculations. After the initial assessment, a meeting with Bournemouth Airport was arranged to discuss the results and the ways forward. The challenge was to design a layout that would be economically viable whilst also producing solar glare within acceptable limits. Both solar farms subsequently obtained planning permission and became operational in 2015.
Case Study 22: Dengie Crops Wind Turbine, England
The proposed wind turbine raised concerns from London Southend Airport surrounding the impact of the development on the Primary Surveillence Radar (PSR). After radar line of sight analysis showed that the turbine would likely be visable to the radar, Pager Power provided an overview of the suitable mitigation options and engaged with the airport. A mitigation strategy was agreed, leading to the planning objection being removed subject to a condition agreed between the airport and the developer. Planning permission for the turbine was granted in August 2015.
Case Study 21: Dunbeg Wind Farm, Northern Ireland
Pager Power was commissioned to complete the communications analysis as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the Dunbeg Wind Farm. Two communications links were identified as running across the planned development site, and it was discovered that two turbines had the potential to affect the operation of both links. Following consultation with the link operators, a viable mitigation option was agreed. Dunbeg Wind Farm became operational in 2016.
Case Study 20: Lilbourne Wind Farm, England
While in the planning stages, Lilbourne wind farm was objected to by Coventry Airport. Concerns were raised regarding the impact of the development on its radar, and the fact that the development would lay beneath an airport approach route. Pager Power advised the developer, negotiated with the airport and provided expert evidence for the public inquiry. The 5 turbine wind farm has been operational since 2014.
Case Study 19: Fallago Rig Wind Farm, Scotland
The planning application for 48 wind turbine project was opposed by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) due to potential impact on the Brizlee Wood Air Defence radar. Pager Power was commissioned to technical support, advice and expert evidence. Fallago Rig received planning consent in 2010, and has been operational since 2013.
Case Study 18: West Coast One Wind Farm, South Africa
While in the planning stages concerns were raised, regarding the forty-seven turbine West Coast One development, by the South African Air Force (SAAF) over the potential impact on aviation. Pager Power was instructed to carry out an assessment to model the potential technical impacts on radar, Instrument Landing Systems and Radio navigation beacons. The report was made available to SAAF. The military was able to remove it's objection to the wind farm, and the project has been commercially operational since June 2015.
Case Study 17: Wind Turbine Development, England
Pager Power looked into a new wind turbine development in South Yorkshire when local residents complained of television (TV) reception interference. Following two Post-Construction Television Reception Surveys, it was still predicted that the wind turbines were unlikely to be the cause. After conducting a further Television Interference Investigation, Pager Power concluded that 4G signals were much more likely to be the cause of the TV reception interference. This finding removed the wind developer’s obligation to provide costly mitigation solutions, and potential future issues with the local planning authority.
Case Study 16: Major Building Scheme, England
Pager Power completed a Television (TV) Impact Assessment and Post Construction Survey, for a building development that was blocking TV signals in an area of a nearby city. After determining that most of the complaints were genuine, mitigation measures were implemented. Pager Power's work enabled the developer to be confident in the limited area where the building was causing interference, and to manage complaints and publicity effectively going forwards.
Case Study 15: Sowerby Lodge Solar Development, England
During the planning stages of the solar development in Cumbria, glint and glare concerns were raised from the nearby Walney Island Aerodrome. Pager Power was asked to carry out desk-based modelling of the potential effects and engage with the aerodrome. The concerns were subsequently resolved and the solar development received planning consent.
Case Study 14: Burnfoot Hill Wind Farm, Scotland
A television (TV) planning condition was imposed as part of the planning consent for the Burnfoot Hill Wind Farm in Scotland. To discharge the condition TV reception analysis and a baseline survey were required. Pager Power was commissioned to undertake a study regarding TV impacts in order to address any potential issues. The project has been operational since September 2010.
Case Study 13: Tate Modern Rooftop Solar Array, England
The Tate Modern, in conjunction with Solarcentury, installed solar PV panels on the roof of the gallery under Permitted Development rights. In line with the guidance, the planning authority requested a Glint and Glare Assessment which Pager Power was subsequently commissioned to complete. Our assessment was accepted, and the rooftop solar array has been operational since late 2015.
Case Study 12: Coolroe Solar Energy Development, Republic of Ireland
Glint and Glare concerns were raised during the planning stages of the first large scale solar photovoltaic park in the Republic of Ireland. We were asked to undertake a Glint and Glare Assessment to address any potential issues. We also attended an oral hearing held by An Bord Pleanála to explain our investigation and answer questions put forward by local residents. Following the hearing, our results were part of the planning application which was consented in summer 2015.
Case Study 11: Burnham Wick Solar Farm, England
After consultation with a nearby airport, concerns were raised regarding the possibility of reflections from the proposed Burnham Wick Solar Farm affecting aircraft on an approach/departure path. We were commissioned to undertake a Glint and Glare Assessment. The development gained consent and is the first large utility-scale solar farm in the area approved by the local council.
Case Study 10: Port Victoria Wind Farm, Republic of Seychelles
Up against concerns over possible interference with microwave communication links, we assisted by undertaking a Desk Based Communications Links Report in addition to a Communications Link Survey. The Port Victoria Wind Farm is the first-large scale renewable energy project in the Republic of Seychelles. It gained consent and has been operational since June 2013.
Case Study 09: Westfield Wind Farm, Scotland
Facing concerns over the potential impacts on the meteorological radar, airport and nearby communication links, we assisted by undertaking technical analysis as well as attending meetings. Analysis consisted of a Briefing Note and Aviation Impact Assessment. Westfield Wind Farm gained consent in September 2011 and has been generating since March 2013.
Case Study 07: Hameldon Hill Extension, England
The Northern section of the proposed Halmeldon Hill extension was constrained by point-to-point communications links. As a result we carried out detailed radio communication assessments, in order to define stand-off distances. Having identified a suitable location, the extension layout was revised to accommodate three turbines instead of two.
Case Study 06: Blackstone Edge Wind Farm, England
We identified that the Blackstone Edge development would be visible to a nearby Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR). Investigating further, a cumulative impact assessment was carried out on operational and consented wind farms in the nearby area. The cumulative study proved essential in constructing and implementing a mitigation technique. Blackstone Edge was consented.
Case Study 05: New Albion Wind Farm, England
Virtually unobstructed; 30km from the Primary Surveillance Radar (PSR) at RAF Cottesmore to the proposed wind farm, there were potentially significant planning issues. This was later to be confirmed by the Ministry of Defence (MOD). Incorporating all factors into their line of sight model we were able to determine that the height of the radar relative to the turbines, combined with the distance, the earth’s curvature, and likely radar signal attenuation meant that radar detection would be marginal at worse. The MOD withdrew its concerns.
Case Study 04: Pen Y Bryn Wind Turbine, Wales
We were involved in a wind turbine public inquiry in Wales regarding interference caused by wind turbines on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Following the public inquiry the wind turbine was given the go ahead and is now operational. The appeal was quite unusual because the turbine was small and had already been built. Situated next to the runway at West Wales Airport where Unmanned Aerial Vehicles are tested, the turbine was also in range of MOD radar at their Aberporth test facility run by QinetiQ.
Case Study 03: Wessex Water Avonmouth Wind Power Project, England
As part of the Environmental Impact Assessment we were commissioned as an independent consultant on both communication and aviation issues. Ofcom consultation and our analysis identified various communication links that constrained the development. It was identified that mitigation would be required to satisfy the relevant stakeholders.
Case Study 02: Sheringham Shoal Wind Farm, England
The proposal for 88 offshore turbines in an area where low flying military fast jets operate, not surprisingly, was the cause of some concern. The operator of Cromer secondary surveillance radar (SSR) objected on the grounds that there would be a technical impact on the radar, and the development was stopped. Using our custom built software, we were able to assess radar detectability and the shielding effect of the towers. We determined it highly unlikely that low flying aircraft would not be detected as a result of the wind farm. Wind farm and radar now safely coexist.
Case Study 01: Whitelee Wind Farm, Scotland
We facilitated enough power for almost every home in Glasgow, and an emission reduction of over 650,000 tons. Our challenge – to identify a radar location, from which none of the turbines would be seen, but aircraft using Glasgow airport would. Using customised software and researching an area of over 25,000 km, this case study shows our solution to a potentially development ending problem. The result - 322 MW of power.